IT Service Management is the managerial activities performed by an organisation to design, coordinate, deliver, manage and optimize information technology services provided to clients. IT Service Management encompasses the key aspects of an organisation's information technology systems including planning, design, technical specification and deployment. A manager is primarily responsible for the day-to-day management activities of these systems, delegating specific tasks based on departmental responsibilities and budgets, while maintaining a close relationship with the users. He/she is in charge of ensuring that all systems are effectively deployed and that service levels and quality are maintained. You can discover more about these IT service management methods here.
On an individual level, IT Service Planning involves the process of establishing goals, schedules and methods for IT Service Management. These goals and schedules are typically developed based on knowledge management, which involve the identification, assessment and evaluation of customer needs, knowledge resource requirements and business impact. The resulting schedule is used to establish requirements for IT Service Management.
The term CITM has been used to describe a number of software development frameworks. A number of industry participants have identified five common characteristics of CITM and classified them according to the complexity of the processes they involve. The five categories include Activity Based, Component Based, Feature Based, Functional based and Theory Based frameworks. The Activity Based approach is based on the assumption that users possess the skills and the time necessary for problem solving, while the Component Based approach assumes that users possess the necessary skill set and resources required for problem solving within a team environment. Feature Based on the assumption that users possess the necessary skill set and resources required for problem solving in a formal team environment, while the Functional Based approach assumes that the need for IT support will arise without involving any team of users.
Within the scope of IT Service Management there are four major categories of activities: planning, infrastructure, users and maintenance. The planning activity involves determining the needs of the organisation, the resources required and the roles and responsibilities of all individuals and groups involved in the process of implementing IT solutions. Infrastructure is related to the devices, software and other technologies that are required to implement the processes of the organisation's IT systems and these frameworks include network, storage, desktop, server and workstation environments.
IT Service management includes the components of incident management. These components include the prevention of events, controls and alerts, resolution of security issues, and recovery. Typically, there is a need to incorporate all the tools and procedures of the incident management frameworks into a common solution. This helps to reduce the effort and expenditure incurred in implementing different IT Solutions and minimises the risk associated with the implementation of different technologies in isolation. As per the Cobit approach, the IT Service management team should first review the current infrastructure and determine the gaps that need to be filled in order to implement IT Solutions. The team then implements the needed changes in the infrastructure with the help of programmers and conduct tests to check for functionality and security aspects.
IT Service and Problem management teams can use the incident management and problem management tool to share information about the problems faced by the company. IT Services can use incident tracking to reduce the time taken for detection and fix the issues associated with the processes. IT Service teams can use the business needs definition to define the requirements of the organisation in order to define its IT infrastructure and provide IT Solutions. These services provide the IT Infrastructure and the required IT Solutions. To make it more efficient and reduce the cost involved in implementing IT Solutions and enhancing the business processes, the empist company can integrate the new technologies in isolation and test them in real time to identify the flaws and failures. If you want to know more about this topic, then click here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_technology_consulting.